Different induction of adaptive response to ionizing radiation in normal and neoplastic cells

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Title
Different induction of adaptive response to ionizing radiation in normal and neoplastic cells
Author(s)
S H Park; Y Lee; Kyu Shik Jeong; S Y Yoo; C K Cho; Y S Lee
Bibliographic Citation
Cell Biology and Toxicology, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 111-119
Publication Year
1999
Abstract
Since the beneficial effects of low-dose radiation (0.01 Gy) are usually observed in normal cells, we investigated whether the adaptive response was induced by low-dose radiation in neoplastic cells of different origin as well as in normal cells. Cell lines used in this experiment were as follows: mouse lymphocytes (NL); L929 cells established from mouse connective tissue; primary mouse keratinocytes (PK); line 308 from mouse papilloma; X-ray sensitive lymphoma cells, L5178Y-S and EL-4 cells from mouse lymphoma. The adaptive response was determined by cell survival and apoptosis. The involvement of apoptosis in the adaptive response was examined by ELISA and TUNEL assay. Adaptive response was induced by pretreatment with low-dose radiation of 0.01 Gy in normal cells such as NL, L929, and PK, but not in L5178Y-S, EL-4, and line 308 cells. In addition, the reduction of apoptosis by pretreatment with low-dose radiation was observed in NL, L929, and PK, but not in L5178Y-S, EL-4, and line 308 cells. These results suggested that the adaptive response could be induced by pretreatment with low-dose radiation and the phenomena were observed in normal cells, not in neoplastic cells. In addition, pretreatment with low-dose radiation reduced apoptosis, suggesting that an anti-apoptotic pathway may be involved in the adaptive response.
Keyword
adaptive responseapoptosislow-dose radiationneoplastic cellsnormal cells
ISSN
0742-2091
Publisher
Springer
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1007525531145
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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