Identification and partial characterization of cerein BS229, a bacteriocin produced by Bacillus cereus BS229

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Title
Identification and partial characterization of cerein BS229, a bacteriocin produced by Bacillus cereus BS229
Author(s)
Hyun Dong Paik; Na Kyoung Lee; Kwang Ho Lee; Yong Il Hwang; Jae Gu Pan
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 195-200
Publication Year
2000
Abstract
Bacillus cereus BS229 was identified as a bacteriocin producer with a bactericidal activity against Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. thomsoni BR40. Bacillus cereus BS229 and cerein BS229, named tentatively as the bacteriocin produced by Bacillus cereus BS229, showed a narrow spectrum of activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, along with yeast and molds. Production of cerein BS229 in a 5-1 fermenter followed typical kinetics of primary metabolite synthesis. The antibacterial activity of cerein BS229 on sensitive indicator cells disappeared completely by α-chymotrypsin or proteinase K, which indicates its proteinaceous nature. Cerein BS229 seemed to be very stable throughout the pH range of 2.0 to 9.0 and it was relatively heat labile, despite the fact that bacteriocin activity was still detected after being boiled for 30 min. Cerein BS229 activity has been changed with some of the organic solvents such as toluene, ethanol, and chloroform. Direct detection of cerein BS229 activity on SDS-PAGE suggested that it had an apparent molecular mass of about 8.2 kDa.
Keyword
bacteriocinBacillus cereuscerein BS229
ISSN
1017-7825
Publisher
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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