Structural Basis of the Redox Switch in the OxyR Transcription Factor

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Title
Structural Basis of the Redox Switch in the OxyR Transcription Factor
Author(s)
Hee Jung Choi; Seung Jun Kim; Partha Munkhopadhyay; Sa Yeon Cho; Joo Rang Woo; Gisela Storz; Seong Eon Ryu
Bibliographic Citation
Cell, vol. 105, no. 1, pp. 103-113
Publication Year
2001
Abstract
The Escherichia coli OxyR transcription factor senses H2O2 and is activated through the formation of an intramolecular disulfide bond. Here we present the crystal structures of the regulatory domain of OxyR in its reduced and oxidized forms, determined at 2.7 ? and 2.3 ? resolutions, respectively. In the reduced form, the two redox-active cysteines are separated by approximately 17 ?. Disulfide bond formation in the oxidized form results in a significant structural change in the regulatory domain. The structural remodeling, which leads to different oligomeric associations, accounts for the redox-dependent switch in OxyR and provides a novel example of protein regulation by "fold editing" through a reversible disulfide bond formation within a folded domain.
ISSN
0092-8674
Publisher
Elsevier-Cell Press
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0092-8674(01)00300-2
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Critical Diseases Diagnostics Convergence Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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