Immunogenicity of the E1E2 proteins of hepatitis C virus expressed by recombinant adenoviruses

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Title
Immunogenicity of the E1E2 proteins of hepatitis C virus expressed by recombinant adenoviruses
Author(s)
Young Rim Seong; See Young Choi; Jong Seok Lim; Chan Hee Hee; Chong Kyo Lee; Dong Soo Im
Bibliographic Citation
Vaccine, vol. 19, no. 20, pp. 2955-2964
Publication Year
2001
Abstract
The E1 and E2 proteins of hepatitis C virus (HCV) are believed to be the viral envelope glycoproteins that are major candidate antigens for HCV vaccine development. We reported previously that the replication-competent recombinant adenovirus encoding core-E1-E2 genes of HCV (Ad/HCV) produces serologically reactive E1 and E2 proteins forming a heterodimer in substantial amounts. Here, we examined immunogenicity of the E1E2 proteins copurified from HeLa cells infected with Ad/HCV virus in mice. Furthermore, we constructed a replication-defective recombinant adenovirus encoding the core-E1-E2 genes of HCV (Ad.CMV.HCV) and examined immunogenicity of the virus in mice. The mice immunized intraperitoneally with the copurified E1E2 proteins induced mainly antibodies to E2, but not to E1 by Western blot analysis. The sera of mice immunized with the E1E2 inhibited the binding of E2 protein to the major extracellular loop of human CD81. E2-specific cytotoxic T cells (CTLs), but not antibodies to the E1E2 antigens were induced in the mice intramuscularly immunized with Ad.CMV.HCV virus. When immunized with both Ad.CMV.HCV virus and the E1E2, mice elicited E2-specific CTLs and antibodies to the E1E2 antigens. The results suggest that immunization of Ad.CMV.HCV virus combined with E2 protein is an effective modality to induce humoral as well as cellular immune response to E2 antigen.
Keyword
immunogenicityhepatitis C virus envelope proteins E1 and E2recombinant adenovirus
ISSN
0264-410X
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0264-410X(00)00534-X
Type
Article
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1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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