Seasonal variation and indirect monitoring of microcystin concentrations in daechung reservoir, korea

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Title
Seasonal variation and indirect monitoring of microcystin concentrations in daechung reservoir, korea
Author(s)
Hee Mock Oh; Seog June Lee; Jee Hwan Kim; Hee Sik Kim; Byung Dae Yoon
Bibliographic Citation
Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 1484-1489
Publication Year
2001
Abstract
Physicochemical and biological water quality, including the microcystin concentration, was investigated from spring to autumn 1999 in the Daechung Reservoir, Korea. The dominant genus in the cyanobacterial blooming season was Microcystis. The microcystin concentration in particulate form increased dramatically from August up to a level of 200 ng liter-1 in early October and thereafter tended to decrease. The microcystin concentration in dissolved form was about 28% of that of the particulate form. The microcystins detected using a protein phosphatase (PP) inhibition assay were highly correlated with those microcystins detected by a high-performance liquid chromatograph (r = 0.973; P < 0.01). Therefore, the effectiveness of a PP inhibition assay for microcystin detection in a high number of water samples was confirmed as easy, quick, and convenient. The microcystin concentration was highly correlated with the phytoplankton number (r = 0.650; P < 0.01) and chlorophyll-α concentration (r = 0.591; P < 0.01). When the microcystin concentration exceeded about 100 ng liter-1, the ratio of particulate to dissolved total nitrogen (TN) or total phosphorus (TP) converged at a value of 0.6. Furthermore, the microcystin concentration was lower than 50 ng liter-1 at a particulate N/P ratio below 8, whereas the microcystin concentration varied quite substantially from 50 to 240 ng liter-1 at a particulate N/P ratio of >8. Therefore, it seems that the microcystin concentration in water can be estimated and indirectly monitored by analyzing the following: the phytoplankton number and chlorophyll-α concentration, the ratio of the particulate and the dissolved forms of N and P, and the particulate N/P ratio when the dominant genus is toxigenic Microcystis.
ISSN
0099-2240
Publisher
Amer Soc Microb
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.67.4.1484-1489.2001
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Institute > Cell Factory Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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