Purification and structural analysis of the hepatitis B virus PreS1 expressed from Escherichia coli

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Title
Purification and structural analysis of the hepatitis B virus PreS1 expressed from Escherichia coli
Author(s)
Cheol Young Maeng; Mee Sook Oh; Il Hyun Park; Hyo Jeong Hong
Bibliographic Citation
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 282, no. 3, pp. 787-792
Publication Year
2001
Abstract
The preS1 of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is located at the outermost part of the envelope protein and possesses several functionally important regions such as hepatocyte receptor-binding site and virus-neutralizing epitopes. As the first step to understand the structure-function relationship for the preS1 antigen, we have purified the preS1 and performed its structural characterization by circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. The preS1 was purified to near homogeneity from bacterially expressed glutathione S-transferase (GST)-preS1 fusion protein by two-step purification, affinity chromatography on glutathione-agarose column, and cation-exchange chromatography on Mono S column. The CD analysis showed that the purified preS1, which was largely unstructured in aqueous solution, acquired a significant (16%) α-helical structure when analyzed in 50% trifluoroethanol or 20 mM SDS. The results suggest that the preS1 assumes a mainly unstructured conformation and may form induced secondary structures upon binding to target proteins or under hydrophobic environment.
Keyword
hepatitis B virussurface antigenpreS1purificationcircular dichroismsecondary structure
ISSN
0006-291X
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/bbrc.2001.4641
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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