Apoptosis of PC12 cells by 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal is mediated through selective activation of the c-Jun N-Terminal protein kinase pathway

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Title
Apoptosis of PC12 cells by 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal is mediated through selective activation of the c-Jun N-Terminal protein kinase pathway
Author(s)
Byoung J Song; Yun Jo Soh; Myung Ae Bae; Jae Eun Pie; Jie Wan; Kyu Shik Jeong
Bibliographic Citation
Chemico-Biological Interactions, vol. 130, no. 1, pp. 943-954
Publication Year
2001
Abstract
Cytotoxic lipid peroxides such as 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) are produced when cells are exposed to toxic chemicals. However, the mechanism by which HNE induces cell death has been poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of HNE-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells by measuring the activities of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases involved in early signal transduction pathways. Within 15-30 min after HNE treatment, c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK) was maximally activated, before returning to control level after 1 h post-treatment. In contrast, activities of extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 MAP kinase remained unchanged from their basal levels. SEK1, an upstream kinase of JNK, was also activated (phosphorylated) within 5 min after HNE treatment and remained activated for up to 60 min. Marked activation of the JNK pathway through SEK1 was demonstrated by the transient transfection of cDNA for wild type SEK1 and JNK into COS-7 cells. Furthermore, significant reductions in JNK activation and HNE-induced cell death were observed when the dominant negative mutant of SEK1 was co-transfected with JNK. Pretreatment of PC12 cells with a survival promoting agent, 8-(4-chlorophenylthio)-cAMP, prevented both the HNE-induced JNK activation and apoptosis. Nonaldehyde, a nontoxic aldehyde, caused neither apoptosis nor JNK activation. Pretreatment of PC12 cells with SB203580, a specific inhibitor of p38 MAP kinase, had no effect on HNE-induced apoptosis. All these data suggest that the HNE-mediated apoptosis of PC12 cells is likely to be mediated through the selective activation of the SEK1-JNK pathway without activation of ERK or p38 MAP kinase.
Keyword
apoptosis4-Hydroxy-2-nonenalc-Jun protein kinaselipid aldehyde
ISSN
0009-2797
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2797(00)00247-7
Type
Article
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1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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