Antioxidative activity of naringin and lovastatin in high cholesterol-fed rabbits

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Antioxidative activity of naringin and lovastatin in high cholesterol-fed rabbits
Seon Min Jeon; Song Hae Bok; Moon Kyoo Jang; Mi Kyung Lee; Kyung Tak Nam; Yong Bok Park; Soon Jae Rhee; Myung Sook Choi
Bibliographic Citation
Life Sciences, vol. 69, no. 24, pp. 2855-2866
Publication Year
The consumption of a cholesterol-enriched diet increases the degree of lipid peroxidation, which is one of the early processes of atherosclerosis. The aim of this trial was to determine the antioxidative effects of the citrus bioflavonoid, naringin, a potent cholesterol-lowering agent, compared to the cholesterol-lowering drug, lovastatin, in rabbits fed a high cholesterol diet. Male rabbits were served a high-cholesterol (0.5%, w/w) diet or high-cholesterol diet supplemented with either naringin (0.5% cholesterol, 0.05% naringin, w/w) or lovastatin (0.5% cholesterol, 0.03% lovastatin, w/w) for 8 weeks to determine the plasma and hepatic lipid peroxide, plasma vitamin A and E levels, and hepatic hydrogen peroxide levels, along with the hepatic antioxidant enzyme activities and gene expressions. Only the lovastatin group showed significantly lower plasma and hepatic lipid peroxide levels compared to the control group. The naringin supplementation significantly increased the activities of both hepatic SOD and catalase by 33% and 20%, respectively, whereas the lovastatin supplementation only increased the catalase activity by 23% compared to control group. There was no difference in the GSH-Px activities between the various groups. Content of H2O2 in hepatic mitochondria was significantly lower in groups supplemented with lovastatin and naringin than in control group. However, there was no difference in cytosolic H2O2 content in liver between groups. The concentration of plasma vitamin E was significantly increased by the naringin supplementation. When comparing the antioxidant enzyme gene expression, the mRNA expression of SOD, catalase and GSH-Px was significantly up-regulated in the naringin-supplemented group. Accordingly, these results would appear to indicate that naringin, a citrus bioflavonoid, plays an important role in regulating antioxidative capacities by increasing the SOD and catalase activities, up-regulating the gene expressions of SOD, catalase, and GSH-Px, and protecting the plasma vitamin E. In contrast, lovastatin exhibited an inhibitory effect on the plasma and hepatic lipid peroxidation and increased the hepatic catalase activity in high-cholesterol fed rabbits.
Antioxidant enzymesGene expressionHigh-cholesterol dietLipid peroxideLovastatinNaringin
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