The human elongation factor 1 alpha (EF-1α) first intron highly enhances expression of foreign genes from the murine cytomegalovirus promoter
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- The human elongation factor 1 alpha (EF-1α) first intron highly enhances expression of foreign genes from the murine cytomegalovirus promoter
- Seon-Young Kim; Jae Ho Lee; Hyun Seock Shin; Hye Ja Kang; Yeon Soo Kim
- Bibliographic Citation
- Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 183-187
- Publication Year
- In order to develop a highly efficient mammalian expression vector, we constructed a vector by the combination of the murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) immediate early (IE) promoter and the human elongation factor one alpha (EF-1α) first intron. The MCMV IE promoter was several fold stronger than the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) immediate early (IE) promoter and the human elongation factor one alpha (EF-1α) promoter in various mammalian cell lines such as NIH3T3, Neuro-2a, 293T or HT1080 and was only slightly weaker than the HCMV or the EF-1α promoter in HeLa and CHO cell lines. We inserted the first intron of the human EF-1α gene behind the MCMV and the HCMV promoter to enhance the gene expression through increasing RNA transcription and/or RNA stability. The insertion of the human EF-1α first intron markedly enhanced the level of gene expression in many cell lines and the resultant MCMV promoter with the human EF-1α first intron (MCMV/EF-I) was higher than the HCMV promoter from 4.3 to 65.5-fold in various cell lines. Also, the MCMV/EF-I promoter induced higher level of erythropoietin expression than the HCMV promoter in transiently transfected CHO cells.
- enhancererythropoietinhuman elongation factor one alpha first intronMCMV IE promoterplasmid
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