Characterization and cloning of a phytase from Escherichia coli WC7 = Escherichia coli WC7가 생산하는 phytase의 효소특성과 그 유전자의 클로닝

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Title
Characterization and cloning of a phytase from Escherichia coli WC7 = Escherichia coli WC7가 생산하는 phytase의 효소특성과 그 유전자의 클로닝
Author(s)
Won Chan Choi; Byung Chul Oh; Hyung Kwoun Kim; Sun Chul Kang; Tae Kwang Oh
Bibliographic Citation
Korean Journal of (Applied) Microbiology & Biotechnology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 1-7
Publication Year
2002
Abstract
Phytase from Escherichia coli WC7 was purified from cell extracts and its molecular mass was estimated to be 45 kDa by SDS-PAGE. Its optimum temperature and pH for phytate hydrolysis was 60°C and pH 5.0, respectively. The enzyme was stable up to 60°C and over broad pH range (pH 2-12). The enzyme had higher affinity for sodium phytate than p-nitrophenylphosphate (pNPP). That is, the apparent Km value for sodium phytate and pNPP were 0.15 ± 0.02 mM and 2.82 ± 0.05 mM, respectively. The gene encoding the phytase was cloned in E. coli XL1-Blue. Sequence analysis showed an open reading frame of 1241 bp encoding a signal peptide (22 aa) and a mature enzyme (410 aa). WC7 phytase was expressed up to 17.5 U/ml in the transformed E. coli XL1-Blue/pUEP, which was 23-fold higher than the activity from wild strain.
Keyword
escherichia colihistidine acid phosphatasephytasephytate
ISSN
0257-2389
Publisher
South Korea
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Metabolic Regulation Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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