Failure to activate caspase 3 in phorbol ester-resistant leukemia cells is associated with resistance to apoptotic cell death
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- Failure to activate caspase 3 in phorbol ester-resistant leukemia cells is associated with resistance to apoptotic cell death
- Y J Choi; J W Park; J H Woo; Y H Kim; Sang-Han Lee; J M Lee; T K Kwon
- Bibliographic Citation
- Cancer Letters, vol. 182, no. 2, pp. 183-191
- Publication Year
- The protein kinase C (PKC)-specific inhibitor, Ro-31-8220, has been shown to induce anti-proliferation and apoptosis of human cancer cell lines. In the present study, we determined the molecular pathways that lead to apoptosis after treatment of cells with the PKC-specific inhibitor RO-31-8220. For this, we used the U937 human leukemia cell line and a phorbolmyristate acetate (PMA)-resistant derivative cell line, R-U937. Ro-31-8220 treatment of U937 cells leads to apoptosis, which is accompanied by activation of caspase 3 (as measured by decreased levels of the 32kDa inactive form and increased proteolytic cleavage of phospholipase C (PLC)-γ1). The broad-range caspase inhibitor z-VAD-fmk inhibits this induction of apoptosis, supporting a direct link between caspase activation and Ro-31-8220 induction of apoptosis. This activation of apoptosis is also accompanied by release of cytochrome c, but not by altered expression of Bcl-2 family protein or IAP family proteins. In R-U937 cells, Ro-31-8220 fails to cause release of cytochrome c, activation of caspase 3, or apoptosis. Activation of Akt occurs to a greater extent in the R-U937 cells than the U937 cells and thus might be related to protection from Ro-31-8220-induced apoptosis.
- AktApoptosisCaspase 3Cell cycleProtein kinase C inhibitor
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