Interaction of CETP inhibitory peptide and lipoprotein substrates in cholesteryl ester transfer assay : relationship between association properties and inhibitory activities
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- Interaction of CETP inhibitory peptide and lipoprotein substrates in cholesteryl ester transfer assay : relationship between association properties and inhibitory activities
- Kyung Hyun Cho; J Y Lee; M S Choi; Song Hae Bok; Y B Park
- Bibliographic Citation
- Lipids, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 641-646
- Publication Year
- In a previous study, CETP inhibitory peptide (3 kDa) was isolated from hog plasma. The peptide, synthesized chemically according to the amino acid sequence of the 3-kDa peptide (designated P28), showed CETP inhibitory activity both in vitro and in vivo [Cho et al. (1998) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1391, 133-1441. We report herein further unique features of P28 when it was associated with the cholesteryl ester (CE)-donor and -acceptor lipoproteins. Lipoprotein substrates with P28 present in both HDL (as a CE-donor) and LDL (as a CE-acceptor) served as poor substrates, with CE-transfer activity decreased up to 60% compared to normal substrates without P28. P28 was found to be located in HDL fractions of hog plasma and showed the same electromobility as that visualized by PAGE on 7% polyacrylamide gel under nondenaturing conditions. Addition of apolipoprotein A-1 (apoA-1) or apoB antibody to a normal CE-transfer mixture did not alter CE-transfer activity. However, addition of apoA-1 or -B antibody to a CETP-inhibition mixture decreased the inhibitory activity of P28 by ca. 20%. Western blot analysis revealed that P28 was associated only with human and hog HDL among several lipoproteins purified from human, hog, and rabbit. CETP-inhibition assays with various lipoprotein substrates revealed that P28 exhibited substrate-specific inhibitory activity. The inhibitory activity of P28 was highly dependent on the type of lipoprotein substrate (whether CE-donor or -acceptor); P28 inhibited CE transfer from HDL to LDL, but it did not inhibit CE tranfer from HDL to HDL.
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