Diel rhythm of algal phosphate uptake rates in P-limited cyclostats and simulation of its effect on growth and competition

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Title
Diel rhythm of algal phosphate uptake rates in P-limited cyclostats and simulation of its effect on growth and competition
Author(s)
Chi-Yong Ahn; A S Chung; Hee Mock Oh
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Phycology, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 695-704
Publication Year
2002
Abstract
Oscillations in the phosphate (Pi) uptake rates for three species of green algae were examined in a P-limited cyclostat. For Ankistrodesmus convolutus Corda and Chlorella vulgaris Beyerinck, the Pi uptake rates increased during the daytime and decreased at night. In contrast, Chlamydomonas sp. exhibited the opposite uptake pattern. Cell densities also oscillated under a light:dark cycle, dividing at a species-specific timing rather than continuously. In general, the cell densities exhibited an inverse relationship with the Pi uptake rates. A competition experiment between A. convolutus and C. vulgaris in a P-limited cyclostat resulted in the dominance of C. vulgaris, regardless of the relative initial cell concentrations. Chlorella vulgaris also dominated in a mixed culture with Chlamydomonas sp., irrespective of the initial seeding ratio and dilution rate. However, Chlamydomonas sp. and A. convolutus coexisted in the competition experiment with gradual decrease of Chlamydomonas sp. when equally inoculated. Mathematical expressions of the oscillations in the Pi uptake rate and species-specific cell division gate were used to develop a simulation model based on the Droop equation. The simulation results for each of the species conformed reasonably well to the experimental data. The results of the competition experiments also matched the competition simulation predictions quite well, although the experimental competition was generally more delayed than the simulations. In conclusion, the model simulation that incorporated the effect of diel rhythms in nutrient uptake clearly demonstrated that species diversity could be enhanced by different oscillation patterns in resource uptake, even under the condition of limitation by the same resource.
Keyword
CompetitionCyclostatDiel rhythmDroop modelOscillationPhosphate uptakeSimulation
ISSN
0022-3646
Publisher
Wiley
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1529-8817.2002.01232.x
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Institute > Cell Factory Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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