Nuclear reprogramming of cloned embryos produced in vitro

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Title
Nuclear reprogramming of cloned embryos produced in vitro
Author(s)
Yong Mahn Han; Yong Kook Kang; Deog Bon Koo; Kyung Kwang Lee
Bibliographic Citation
Theriogenology, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 33-44
Publication Year
2003
Abstract
Despite the fact that cloned animals derived from somatic cells have been successfully generated in a variety of mammalian species, there are still many unsolved problems with current cloning technology. Somatic cell nuclear transfer has shown several developmental aberrancies, including a high rate of abortion during early gestation and increased perinatal death. One cause of these developmental failures of cloned embryos may reside in the epigenetic reprogramming of somatic donor genome. In mammals, DNA methylation is an essential process in the regulation of transcription during embryonic development and is generally associated with gene silencing. A genome-wide demethylation may be a prerequisite for the formation of pluripotent stem cells that are important for later development. We analyzed methylation patterns in cloned bovine embryos to monitor the epigenetic reprogramming process of donor genomic DNA. Aberrant methylation profiles of cloned bovine embryos were observed in various genomic regions, except in single-copy gene sequences. The overall genomic methylation status of cloned embryos was quite different from that of normal embryos produced in vitro or in vivo. These results suggest that the developmental failures of cloned embryos may be due to incomplete epigenetic reprogramming of donor genomic DNA. We expect that advances in understanding the molecular events for reprogramming of donor genome will contribute to clarify the developmental defects of cloned embryos.
Keyword
DNA methylationEmbryoReprogrammingSomatic cell nuclear transfer
ISSN
0093-691X
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0093-691X(02)01271-2
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Research on National Challenges > Aging Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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