A water-extract of the Korean traditional formulation Geiji-Bokryung-Hwan reduces atherosclerosis and hypercholesteremia in cholesterol-fed rabbits

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Title
A water-extract of the Korean traditional formulation Geiji-Bokryung-Hwan reduces atherosclerosis and hypercholesteremia in cholesterol-fed rabbits
Author(s)
B J Kim; Y K Kim; W H Park; Jung Hun Koh; Y C Lee; C H Kim
Bibliographic Citation
International Immunopharmacology, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 723-734
Publication Year
2003
Abstract
Geiji-Bokryung-Hwan (GBH), a drug preparation consisting of five herbs of Cinnamomi Ramulus (Geiji), Poria Cocos (Bokryun), Mountan Cortex Radicis (Mokdanpi), Paeoniae Radix (Jakyak) and Persicae Semen (Doin), is a traditional Korean herbal medicine that is widely used in the treatment of atherosclerosis-related disorders. A water extract of GBH was found to scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals and inhibit low-density lipoptotein (LDL) oxidation more effectively than probucol, a well-known commercially available antioxidant. In order to evaluate the anti-atherogenic potential of this medication, New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits were fed a normal diet for 12 weeks, a high cholesterol diet, a high cholesterol diet containing 1% probucol or a high cholesterol diet containing 5% water-soluble extract of GBH. Both GBH and probucol reduced plasma cholesterol levels. LDLs from the GBH-treated group were more resistant to Cu2+-induced oxidation and contained more vitamin E than LDLs from the high cholesterol diet group. Endothelial damage, determined at week 6, was reduced by 55% in the GBH group (P<0.01). GBH treatment reduced an atherosclerotic area in the abdominal aorta by 58% (P<0.05) and cholesterol deposition in the thoracic aorta by 55% (P<0.05). The severity of atherosclerosis in the GBH group was significantly reduced after an adjustment using cholesterol exposure as an index of the cholesterol-lowering effect. On the other hand, diet-induced hyperlipidemic rabbits were given water extract of GBH in doses of 50 (Group B) and 200 mg/kg (Group C) and compared with controls (Group A). At 40 days after intervention in groups A, B and C, total and LDL cholesterol levels were significantly lowered (P<0.01). LDL/high density lipoptotein (HDL) ratio was also significantly decreased (P<0.01). This study concludes that the reduction in atherosclerosis by GBH relies not only on its cholesterol-lowering effect but also more heavily on its antioxidant potential, which prevents endothelial damage and inhibits LDL oxidative modification in hypercholesterolemic animals.
Keyword
AtherosclerosisEndothelial damageGeiji-Bokryung-HwanKorean herbal medicineLow density lipoptotein (LDL) oxidation
ISSN
1567-5769
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1567-5769(03)00073-0
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Genome Editing Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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