Differential expression of six novel peroxidase cDNAs from cell cultures of sweetpotato in response to stress

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Title
Differential expression of six novel peroxidase cDNAs from cell cultures of sweetpotato in response to stress
Author(s)
Soo Young Park; Sun Hwa Ryu; Suk Yoon Kwon; Heang Soon Lee; J G Kim; Sang Soo Kwak
Bibliographic Citation
Molecular Genetics and Genomics, vol. 269, no. 4, pp. 542-552
Publication Year
2003
Abstract
Six peroxidase (POD) cDNAs were isolated from suspension cultures of sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) by cDNA library screening, and their expression was investigated with a view to understanding the physiological functions of each POD in relation to environmental stress. The gene products encoded by these cDNAs could be divided into two groups, anionic PODs (SWPA4, SWPA5, SWPA6) and basic PODs (SWPB1, SWPB2, SWPB3), on the basis of the predicted pI values of the mature proteins. RT-PCR analysis revealed that the six POD genes showed diverse expression patterns in various tissues of intact plants, a various stages of growth in suspension cultures, and in leaf tissues exposed to different stresses. The six genes from which they were derived are predominantly expressed in cultured cells of sweetpotato. Thus, transcripts of swpa4 were not detected in any tissues of the intact plant. The genes swpa6 and swpbl were highly expressed in root tissues, whereas swpa6 and swpb3 were highly expressed in stem tissues. During suspension culture, the expression patterns of the six genes differed from each other. The level of swpa4, swpa5, swpb2 and swpb3 transcripts progressively increased during culture, whereas swpa6 and swpb1 showed high expression levels regardless of the age of the culture. In leaf tissues the six POD genes responded differently to various abiotic stresses. In particular, swpa4 was highly induced by several abiotic stresses, including exposure to hydrogen peroxide (440 mM) or NaCl (100 mM), and wounding of leaf tissues, suggesting that this POD gene is inducible by many stresses. Based on the different expression patterns of these POD genes, we propose that each POD may have different enzymatic properties and physiological functions during cell growth and development.
Keyword
Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas)Cultured cellsEnvironmental stressOxidative stressPeroxidase
ISSN
0026-8925
Publisher
Springer
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00438-003-0862-y
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Research on National Challenges > Plant Systems Engineering Research > 1. Journal Articles
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