Biochemical properties and substrate specificities of alkaline and histidine acid phytases

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Title
Biochemical properties and substrate specificities of alkaline and histidine acid phytases
Author(s)
B C Oh; Won Chan Choi; S C Park; Y O Kim; Tae Kwang Oh
Bibliographic Citation
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 362-372
Publication Year
2004
Abstract
Phytases are a special class of phosphatase that catalyze the sequential hydrolysis of phytate to less-phosphorylated myo-inositol derivatives and inorganic phosphate. Phytases are added to animal feedstuff to reduce phosphate pollution in the environment, since monogastric animals such as pigs, poultry, and fish are unable to metabolize phytate. Based on biochemical properties and amino acid sequence alignment, phytases can be categorized into two major classes, the histidine acid phytases and the alkaline phytases. The histidine acid phosphatase class shows broad substrate specificity and hydrolyzes metal-free phytate at the acidic pH range and produces myo-inositol monophosphate as the final product. In contrast, the alkaline phytase class exhibits strict substrate specificity for the calcium-phytate complex and produces myo-inositol trisphosphate as the final product. This review describes recent findings that present novel viewpoints concerning the molecular basis of phytase classification.
ISSN
0175-7598
Publisher
Springer
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-003-1345-0
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Metabolic Regulation Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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