Histone H3-K9 methyltransferase ESET is essential for early development

Cited 278 time in scopus
Metadata Downloads
Histone H3-K9 methyltransferase ESET is essential for early development
J E Dodge; Yong Kook Kang; H Beppu; H Lei; E Li
Bibliographic Citation
Molecular and Cellular Biology, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 2478-2486
Publication Year
Methylation of histone H3 at lysine 9 (H3-K9) mediates heterochromatin formation by forming a binding site for HPI and also participates in silencing gene expression at euchromatic sites. ESET, G9a, SUV39-h1, SUV39-h2, and Eu-HMTase are histone methyltransferases that catalyze H3-K9 methylation in mammalian cells. Previous studies demonstrate that the SUV39-h proteins are preferentially targeted to the pericentric heterochromatin, and mice lacking both Suv39-h genes show cytogenetic abnormalities and an increased incidence of lymphoma. G9a methylates H3-K9 in euchromatin, and G9a null embryos die at 8.5 days postcoitum (dpc). G9a null embryo stem (ES) cells show altered DNA methylation in the Prader-Willi imprinted region and ectopic expression of the Mage genes. So far, an Eu-HMTase mouse knockout has not been reported. ESET catalyzes methylation of H3-K9 and localizes mainly in euchromatin. To investigate the in vivo function of Eset, we have generated an allele that lacks the entire pre- and post-SET domains and that expresses lacZ under the endogenous regulation of the Eset gene. We found that zygotic Eset expression begins at the blastocyst stage and is ubiquitous during postimplantation mouse development, while the maternal Eset transcripts are present in oocytes and persist throughout preimplantation development. The homozygous mutations of Eset resulted in peri-implantation lethality between 3.5 and 5.5 dpc. Blastocysts null for Eset were recovered but in less than Mendelian ratios. Upon culturing, 18 of 24 Eset-/- blastocysts showed defective growth of the inner cell mass and, in contrast to the ∼65% recovery of wild-type and Eset+/- ES cells, no Eset-/- ES cell lines were obtained. Global H3-K9 trimethylation and DNA methylation at IAP repeats in Eset-/- blastocyst outgrowths were not dramatically altered. Together, these results suggest that Eset is required for peri-implantation development and the survival of ES cells.
Amer Soc Microb
Appears in Collections:
Aging Convergence Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Files in This Item:
  • There are no files associated with this item.

Items in OpenAccess@KRIBB are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.