A water extract of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae) rescues PC12 cell death caused by pyrogallol or hypoxia/reoxygenation and attenuates hydrogen peroxide induced injury in PC12 cells

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Title
A water extract of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae) rescues PC12 cell death caused by pyrogallol or hypoxia/reoxygenation and attenuates hydrogen peroxide induced injury in PC12 cells
Author(s)
B S Koo; W C Lee; K H Chung; Jeong Heon Ko; C H Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Life Sciences, vol. 75, no. 19, pp. 2363-2375
Publication Year
2004
Abstract
A number of studies indicate that free radicals are involved in the neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The role of superoxide anion (O2·-) in neuronal cell injury induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS) was examined in PC12 cells using pyrogallol (1,2,3-benzenetrior), a donor to release O2·-. Pyrogallol induced PC12 cell death at concentrations, which evidently increased intracellular O2·-, as assessed by O 2·-sensitive fluorescent precursor hydroethidine (HEt). A water extract of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae) (CLE), having O 2·- scavenging activity rescued PC12 cells from pyrogallol-induced cell death. Hypoxia/reoxygenation injury of PC12 cells was also blocked by CLE. The present study was also conducted to examine the effect of CLE on H2O2- induced toxicity in rat pheochromocytoma line PC12 by measuring cell lesion, level of lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme activities. Following a 30 min exposure of the cells to H 2O2 (150 μM), a marked decrease in cell survival, activities of glutathione peroxidase and catalase as well as increased production of malondialdehyde (MDA) were found. Pretreatment of the cells with CLE (0.5-10 μg/ml) prior to H2O2 exposure significantly elevated the cell survival, antioxidant enzyme activities and decreased the level of MDA. The above-mentioned neuroprotective effects are also observed with tacrine (THA, 1 μM), suggesting that the neuroprotective effects of cholinesterase inhibitor might partly contribute to the clinical efficacy in AD treatment. Further understanding of the underlying mechanism of the protective effects of these radical scavengers reducing intracellular O2·- on neuronal cell death may lead to development of new therapeutic treatments for hypoxic/ischemic brain injury.
Keyword
catalasecell deathcholinesterase inhibitorfree radical scavengersfree radicalsglutathione peroxidasehydrogen peroxidehypoxia/reoxygenationmalondialdehydePC12 cellsPyrogallol
ISSN
0024-3205
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2004.07.003
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Genome Editing Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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