DNA gyrase is involved in chloroplast nucleoid partitioning

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Title
DNA gyrase is involved in chloroplast nucleoid partitioning
Author(s)
Hye Sun Cho; Sang Sook Lee; Kwang Dong Kim; I H Hwang; Jong-Seok Lim; Y I Park; H S Pai
Bibliographic Citation
Plant Cell, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2665-2682
Publication Year
2004
Abstract
DNA gyrase, which catalyzes topological transformation of DNA, plays an essential role in replication and transcription in prokaryotes. Virus-induced gene silencing of NbGyrA or NbGyrB, which putatively encode DNA gyrase subunits A and B, respectively, resulted in leaf yellowing phenotypes in Nicotiana benthamiana. NbGyrA and NbGyrB complemented the gyrA and gyrB temperature-sensitive mutations of Escherichia coli, respectively, which indicates that the plant and bacterial subunits are functionally similar. NbGyrA and NbGyrB were targeted to both chloroplasts and mitochondria, and depletion of these subunits affected both organelles by reducing chloroplast numbers and inducing morphological and physiological abnormalities in both organelles. Flow cytometry analysis revealed that the average DNA content in the affected chloroplasts and mitochondria was significantly higher than in the control organelles. Furthermore, 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining revealed that the abnormal chloroplasts contained one or a few large nucleoids instead of multiple small nucleoids dispersed throughout the stroma. Pulse-field gel electrophoresis analyses of chloroplasts demonstrated that the sizes and/ or structure of the DNA molecules in the abnormal chloroplast nucleoids are highly aberrant. Based on these results, we propose that DNA gyrase plays a critical role in chloroplast nucleoid partitioning by regulating DNA topology.
ISSN
1040-4651
Publisher
Amer Soc Plant Biologists
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.104.024281
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Research on National Challenges > Plant Systems Engineering Research > 1. Journal Articles
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