Proposal of the genus Thermoactinomyces sensu stricto and three new genera, Laceyella, Thermoflavimicrobium and Seinonella, on the basis of phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses

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Title
Proposal of the genus Thermoactinomyces sensu stricto and three new genera, Laceyella, Thermoflavimicrobium and Seinonella, on the basis of phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses
Author(s)
Jung-Hoon Yoon; In Gi Kim; Yong Kook Shin; Yong Ha Park
Bibliographic Citation
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 395-400
Publication Year
2005
Abstract
Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that Thermoactinomyces species with validly published names can be assigned to four clusters or lineages. The type strains of Thermoactinomyces sacchari and Thermoactinomyces putidus were differentiated from the type strains of Thermoactinomyces vulgaris and Thermoactinomyces intermedius by the predominant menaquinone and fatty acid profiles. The type strains of Thermoactinomyces dichotomicus and Thermoactinomyces peptonophilus formed lines of descent distinct from other Thermoactinomyces species. Thermoactinomyces dichotomicus KCTC 3667T was distinguishable from the type strains of Thermoactinomyces vulgaris and Thermoactinomyces intermedius by the contents of two fatty acids, iso-C16:0 and iso-C17:0. Thermoactinomyces dichotomicus could be distinguished from other Thermoactinomyces species by DNA G+C content and some phenotypic properties, particularly its property of forming a yellow colour. The type strain of Thermoactinomyces peptonophilus was distinguishable from other Thermoactinomyces species by differences in menaquinone profile, major fatty acids, DNA G+C content and some physiological properties including optimal growth temperature. On the basis of these data, the creation of three new genera, Laceyella, Thermoflavimicrobium and Seinonella, is proposed in addition to the genus Thermoactinomyces sensu stricto. The genus Laceyella gen. nov. is proposed to accommodate Thermoactinomyces sacchari and Thermoactinomyces putidus as Laceyella sacchari comb. nov. and Laceyella putida comb. nov., the genus Thermoflavimicrobium gen. nov. is proposed for Thermoactinomyces dichotomicus as Thermoflavimicrobium dichotomicum comb. nov. and the genus Seinonella gen. nov. is proposed for Thermoactinomyces peptonophilus as Seinonella peptonophila comb. nov.
ISSN
0020-7713
Publisher
Microbiology Soc
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.63203-0
Type
Article
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1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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