Insertion of c-Myc into Igh induces B-cell and plasma-cell neoplasms in mice

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Insertion of c-Myc into Igh induces B-cell and plasma-cell neoplasms in mice
Sung Sup ParkJoong Su Kim; L Tessarollo; J D Owens; L Peng; S S Han; S T Chung; T A Torrey; W C Cheung; R D Polakiewicz; N McNeil; T Ried; J F Mushinski; H C Morse III; S Janz
Bibliographic Citation
Cancer Research, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 1306-1315
Publication Year
We used gene targeting in mice to insert a His6-tagged mouse c-Myc cDNA, MycHis, head to head into the mouse immunoglobulin heavy-chain locus, Igh, just 5′ of the intronic enhancer, Eμ. The insertion of MycHis mimicked both the human t(8;14)(q24;q32) translocation that results in the activation of MYC in human endemic Burkitt lymphomas and the homologous mouse T(12;15) translocation that deregulates Myc in certain mouse plasmacytomas. Beginning at the age of 6 months, Myc His transgenic mice developed B-cell and plasma neoplasms, such as IgM+ lymphoblastic B-cell lymphomas, Bcl-6+ diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, and CD138+ plasmacytomas, with an overall incidence of 68% by 21 months. Molecular studies of lymphoblastic B-cell lymphoma, the most prevalent neoplasm (50% of all tumors), showed that the lymphomas were clonal, overexpressed MycHis, and exhibited the P2 to P1 promoter shift in Myc expression, a hallmark of MYC/Myc deregulation in human endemic Burkitt lymphoma and mouse plasmacytoma. Only 1 (6.3%) of 16 lymphoblastic B-cel lymphomas contained a BL-typical point mutation in the amino-terminal transactivation domain of MycHis, suggesting that most of these tumors are derived from naive, pregerminal center B cells. Twelve (46%) of 26 lymphoblastic B-cell lymphomas exhibited changes in the p19Arf-Mdm2- p53 tumor suppressor axis, an important pathway for Myc-dependent apoptosis. We conclude that MycHis insertion into Igh predictably induces B-cell and plasma-cell tumors in mice, providing a valuable mouse model for understanding the transformation-inducing consequences of the MYC/Myc-activating endemic Burkitt lymphoma t(8;14)/plasmacytoma T(12;15) translocation.
Amer Assoc Cancer Research
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Aging Convergence Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Bio Technology Innovation > SME Support Center > 1. Journal Articles
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