BRD-glucan exhibits potent immunochemotherapeutic activity in vitro and in vivo

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Title
BRD-glucan exhibits potent immunochemotherapeutic activity in vitro and in vivo
Author(s)
Seong Hoon Moon; J C Heo; R L Fine; Hwan Mook Kim; Sung Uk Kim; Byung Dae Yoon; Sang-Han Lee
Bibliographic Citation
International Journal of Oncology, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 395-404
Publication Year
2005
Abstract
We carried out in vitro and in vivo assays to investigate the immunomodulatory and immunochemotherapeutic action mechanism of BRD-glucan, a high molecular weight ( approximately 3,500 kDa) polysaccharide isolated from Aureobasidium sp, and assessed the efficacy of BRD-glucan/adriamycin co-treatment of animal cancer models. RT-PCR and suspension hemolytic, plaque forming, wounding, invasion and cell proliferation assays were utilized to investigate the in vitro immunochemotherapeutic effects of BRD-glucan. In vivo, the effects of BRD-glucan and BRD-glucan/adriamycin co-treatment were tested in a B16 melanoma initiation model and in C57BL/6 mice. In vitro, BRD-glucan did not affect the cellular wounding response or invasion activity; treatment with BRD-glucan led to increase proliferation of B cells, natural killer cells and macrophages, but not T cells. In addition, we found that the BRD-glucan activation of B cells and macrophages was dependent on Toll-like receptor2 (TLR2) and TLR4, which play important roles in innate and adaptive immunity. In vivo, BRD-glucan/adriamycin co-treatment effectively reduced the number and size of metastatic colonies. Based on the results of our in vitro and in vivo toxicity, safety and immunochemotherapy assays, we propose that BRD-glucan is a promising immunochemotherapeutic anti-tumor agent.
ISSN
1019-6439
Publisher
Spandidos Publ Ltd
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ijo.26.2.395
Type
Article
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1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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