Bacillus litoralis sp. nov., isolated from a tidal flat of the Yellow Sea in Korea

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Title
Bacillus litoralis sp. nov., isolated from a tidal flat of the Yellow Sea in Korea
Author(s)
Jung-Hoon Yoon; Tae Kwang Oh
Bibliographic Citation
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 1945-1948
Publication Year
2005
Abstract
A Gram-variable, motile, endospore-forming, slightly halophilic bacterial strain, designated SW-211T, was isolated from a tidal flat of the Yellow Sea in Korea, and was characterized taxonomically by using a polyphasic approach. The organism grew optimally at 37 °C and in the presence of 2-3% NaCl. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain SW-211T forms a distinct phylogenetic lineage within the radiation of the cluster comprising Bacillus species. Strain SW-211T had cell-wall peptidoglycan based on meso-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant menaquinone was MK-7 and the major fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0 (34.8%), iso-C15:0 (15.6%), iso-C16:0 (12.5%) and iso-C14:0 (10.0%). The DNA G+C content was 35.2 mol%. Strain SW-211T exhibited levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of < 96.2% with respect to the type strains of recognized Bacillus species. On the basis of its phenotypic properties and phylogenetic distinctiveness, strain SW-211T (= KCTC 3898T=DSM 16303T) was classified in the genus Bacillus as the type strain of a novel species, for which the name Bacillus litoralis sp. nov. is proposed.
ISSN
0020-7713
Publisher
Microbiology Soc
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.63332-0
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Metabolic Regulation Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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