Reconstruction of rabbit corneal epithelium using lyophilized amniotic membrane and dynamic culture method = 동결건조 양막과 동적배양법을 이용한 토끼 각막 상피층의 재구성

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Title
Reconstruction of rabbit corneal epithelium using lyophilized amniotic membrane and dynamic culture method = 동결건조 양막과 동적배양법을 이용한 토끼 각막 상피층의 재구성
Author(s)
J I Ahn; I K Jang; Y H Shin; Y K Seo; H H Yoon; M Y Yoon; J C Kim; K Y Song; Hee Gu Lee; E K Yang; K H Kim; J K Park
Bibliographic Citation
Korean Journal of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 305-310
Publication Year
2005
Abstract
Rabbit corneal epithelium was reconstructed using tilting dynamic culture with a self-manufactured, amniotic membrane (AM) supporter and a lyophilized amniotic membrane (LAM). Rabbit corneal epithelial (RCE) cells were cultured and cryopreserved after isolation from the limbus. The second- and third-passage RCE cells were plated onto the epithelial side of the LAM of Ahn's AM supporter. Two days later, the air-liquid interface culture was maintained with third-passage RCE cells for 6 days and second-passage corneal epithelial cells for 9 days. The average viability of thawed RCE cells, assessed using trypan blue dye exclusion, was 77.42%. The reconstructed corneal epithelium was characterized by histological (hematoxylin and eosin) and immunohistochemical staining (proliferating cell nuclear antigen) for light microscopy, and by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, glucose assay, and transmission electron microscopy. The basal layer of the reconstructed corneal epithelium was well formed, and the epithelium was tightly constructed due to the increase in cell proliferation and differentiation caused by the tilting dynamic culture, as opposed to static culture. Tilting dynamic culture was useful for the reconstruction of the epithelium using easily damaged epithelial cells and resulted in more stratum cell layers. Moreover, cytokeratin (CK3) mRNA expression in tilting dynamic cultured third-passage RCE cells seeded onto AM was greater than in static cultured third-passage RCE cells. The morphology of the reconstructed corneal epithelium on LAM by tilting dynamic culture for 9 days resembled that of the skin epidermis. This was thought to be because the tilting dynamic culture not only accelerated the proliferation and differentiation of cells by physical or mechanical stimulation, but also ensured that the supply of medium was delivered to the basal cells more efficiently. Thus, the reconstruction of the corneal epithelium using LAM and tilting dynamic culture was considered to be a good in vitro model for autologous or allogeneic transplantation of corneal epithelium and skin epidermis in patients with damaged epithelia.
Keyword
lyophilized amniotic membranereconstruction of corneal epitheliumstatic culturedynamic culture
ISSN
1225-7117
Publisher
South Korea
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1594.2007.00441.x
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Immunotherapy Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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