Human endogenous retrovirus HERV-H family in human tissues and cancer cells: expression, identification, and phylogeny

Cited 34 time in scopus
Metadata Downloads
Title
Human endogenous retrovirus HERV-H family in human tissues and cancer cells: expression, identification, and phylogeny
Author(s)
J M Yi; Hwan Mook Kim; H S Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Cancer Letters, vol. 231, no. 2, pp. 228-239
Publication Year
2006
Abstract
HERV-H family is the most abundant HERV families in the human genome with more than 1000 copies including full-length, truncated form, and solitary LTRs. We investigated envelope (env) gene fragments of HERV-H family in various human tissues and cancer cells. The env fragments were detected in mRNA of several human tissues (placenta, skeletal muscle, spleen, and thymus) and cancer cells (RT4, BT-474, HCT-116, TE-1, UO-31, Jurkat, HepG2, A549, MCF7, OVCAR-3, MIA-PaCa-2, PC3, LOX-IMVI, AZ521, 2F7, U-937, and C-33A) by RT-PCR approach. The RT-PCR products were cloned and sequenced. New 12 clones from human tissues and 48 clones from cancer cells of env gene sequences belonging to the HERV-H family showed 84.3-98.1% sequence similarity to that of HERV-H (AF108843). Deduced amino acid sequences of 60 clones from human tissues and cancer cell lines showed multiple frameshifts and termination codons caused by deletion/insertion or point mutation with the exception of eight clones as following: HHE9-1, HHE9-5 (skeletal muscle), HHE10-5 (spleen), CHE10-9 (MCF7), CHE12-4, CHE12-5 (MIA-PaCa-2), and CHE18-1, CHE18-3 (C-33A) to that of HERV-H (AF108843). A phylogenetic tree of the HERV-H family was constructed to understand their relationship, indicating that they were divided into three groups, one major (group I) and two minor (group II and III), through sequence divergence. The HERV-H families in group I has been proliferated on human genome during hominoid evolution. These active HERV-H elements are worthy of further investigations as potential pathogenic effects to various human diseases including cancers.
Keyword
Cancer cellsExpressionHuman endogenous retrovirus HHuman tissuesPhylogeny
ISSN
0304-3835
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2005.02.001
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
Files in This Item:
  • There are no files associated with this item.


Items in OpenAccess@KRIBB are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.