Direct activation of TGF-β1 transcription by androgen and androgen receptor complex in Huh7 human hepatoma cells and its tumor in nude mice

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Title
Direct activation of TGF-β1 transcription by androgen and androgen receptor complex in Huh7 human hepatoma cells and its tumor in nude mice
Author(s)
G Yoon; J Y Kim; Y K Choi; Young Suk Won; I K Lim
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, vol. 97, no. 2, pp. 393-411
Publication Year
2006
Abstract
Importance of androgen for promotion of hepatocelullar carcinoma (HCC) has long been supported by clinical and experimental evidences. However, mechanisms involved in the carcinogenesis have not yet been fully elucidated. Moreover, unbalanced expression of TGF-β1 during tumor progression results in prooncogenic rather than growth inhibition. To investigate the effect of androgen on transcriptional regulation of TGF-β1, we isolated rat TGF-β1 promoter, based on our previous report (GenBank AF249327), and examined regulation of its promoter activity by dihydrotestosterone in Huh7, LNCaP, and PC3 cells. Several putative transcription factor-binding sites were found, but no TATA box. When the full-length (-4784 to +68) and variously deleted promoter DNAs were evaluated, the promoter region spanning from -2732 to -1203 showed the highest activity towards dihydrotestosterone in a dose-dependent manner in both Huh7 and PC3 cells with androgen receptor (AR) expression. Putative androgen response sequence half site (5′-TGTCCT- 3′) was identified to be located within -1932 to -1927, proved by mutant (5′-AGACCT-3′) analysis and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay. AR mediated upregulation of TGF-β1 expression was confirmed by HCC developed in nude mice with AR-overexpressed Huh7-cells. This work presents in vivo and in vitro evidences of activation of TGF-β1 expression by androgen and AR, and implicates the modulation of hepatocarcinogenesis by AR through the regulation of TGF-β1 expression.
Keyword
Adrogen receptorAndrogenHepatocellular carcinomaHuh7 cellsHuh7-AR hepatomaTGF-β
ISSN
0730-2312
Publisher
Wiley
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcb.20638
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Ochang Branch Institute > Division of National Bio-Infrastructure > Laboratory Animal Resource & Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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