Functional characterization of the Hansenula polymorpha HOC1, OCH1, and OCR1 genes as members of the yeast OCH1 mannosyltransferase family involved in protein glycosylation

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Title
Functional characterization of the Hansenula polymorpha HOC1, OCH1, and OCR1 genes as members of the yeast OCH1 mannosyltransferase family involved in protein glycosylation
Author(s)
Moo Woong Kim; E J Kim; J Y Kim; J S Park; Doo-Byoung Oh; Y Shimma; Y Chiba; Y Jigami; Sang Ki Rhee; Hyun Ah Kang
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 281, no. 10, pp. 6261-6272
Publication Year
2006
Abstract
The α-1,6-mannosyltransferase encoded by Saccharomyces cerevisiae OCH1 (ScOCH1) is responsible for the outer chain initiation of N-linked oligosaccharides. To identify the genes involved in the first step of outer chain biosynthesis in the methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha, we undertook the functional analysis of three H. polymorpha genes, HpHOC1, HpOCH1, and HpOCR1, that belong to the OCH1 family containing seven members with significant sequence identities to ScOCH1. The deletions of these H. polymorpha genes individually resulted in several phenotypes suggestive of cell wall defects. Whereas the deletion of HpHOC1 (Hphoc1Δ) did not generate any detectable changes in N-glycosylation, the null mutant strains of HpOCH1 (Hpoch1Δ) and HpOCR1 (Hpocr1Δ) displayed a remarkable reduction in hypermannosylation. Although the apparent phenotypes of Hpocr1Δ were most similar to those of S. cerevisiae och1 mutants, the detailed structural analysis of N-glycans revealed that the major defect of Hpocr1Δ is not in the initiation step but rather in the subsequent step of outer chain elongation by α-1,2-mannose addition. Most interestingly, Hpocr1Δ showed a severe defect in the O-linked glycosylation of extracellular chitinase, representing HpOCR1 as a novel member of the OCH1 family implicated in both N- and O-linked glycosylation. In contrast, addition of the first α-1,6-mannose residue onto the core oligosaccharide Man8GlcNAc2 was completely blocked in Hpoch1Δ despite the comparable growth of its wild type under normal growth conditions. The complementation of the S. cerevisiae och1 null mutation by the expression of HpOCH1 and the lack of in vitro α-1,6-mannosyltransferase activity in Hpoch1Δ provided supportive evidence that HpOCH1 is the functional orthologue of ScOCH1. The engineered Hpoch1Δ strain with the targeted expression of Aspergillus saitoi α-1,2-mannosidase in the endoplasmic reticulum was shown to produce human-compatible high mannose-type Man5GlcNAc2 oligosaccharide as a major N-glycan.
ISSN
0021-9258
Publisher
Amer Soc Biochemistry Molecular Biology Inc
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M508507200
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Aging Convergence Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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