Gene expression profiling between embryonic and larval stages of the silkworm, Bombyx mori

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Gene expression profiling between embryonic and larval stages of the silkworm, Bombyx mori
J H Oh; Yeo-Jin Jeon; So-Young Jeong; S M Hong; J S Lee; S K Nho; S W Kang; Nam-Soon Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 343, no. 3, pp. 864-872
Publication Year
To elucidate the molecular mechanisms associated with metamorphic phenomenon relating to Bombyx mori, an important organism in the sericulture industry, we identified genes that are expressed in the different developmental stages, specifically the embryonic (ES) and larval (LS) stages of B. mori. of 8230 high-quality ESTs from two full-length enriched cDNA libraries, 3442 of the ES ESTs were coalesced into 1325 clusters, while 4788 were coalesced into 927 clusters. The functional classification of these ESTs based on Gene Ontology showed that the types of genes that are associated with oxidoreductase activity, enzyme inhibition, and larval development were highly observed in LS, whereas the types of genes that are involved in nucleotide binding, enzyme activity, and protein transport activity were highly observed in ES. In addition, when the gene expression profile between ES and LS was examined by counting the EST frequencies in each library, 69 genes were identified as being either up- or down-regulated in the larval stage compared to the embryonic stage (P > 0.99) and this was confirmed by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. The results show that genes involved in proteolysis and peptidolysis, and lipid and carbohydrate metabolism were dramatically up-regulated in LS, while those related to protein metabolism, DNA/RNA, and coenzymes were highly down-expressed. In particular, a GO analysis of these genes revealed that genes that are involved in hydrolase activity were observed to be highly expressed in amount as well as diversity in LS, while those involved in nucleic acid binding were highly expressed in ES. These data may contribute to elucidating genetic events that distinguish the developmental stage and to our understanding of the metamorphosis of B. mori.
Embryonic stageESTExpression profileFull-length cDNALarval stageBombyx mori
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Division of Biomedical Research > Rare Disease Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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