Radical scavenging and anti-inflammatory activity of extracts from Opuntia humifusa Raf.

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Title
Radical scavenging and anti-inflammatory activity of extracts from Opuntia humifusa Raf.
Author(s)
J Y Cho; S C Park; T W Kim; K S Kim; J C Song; S K Kim; H M Lee; H J Sung; H J Park; Y B Song; E S Yoo; Choong Hwan Lee; M H Rhee
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 113-119
Publication Year
2006
Abstract
Opuntia humifusa Raf. (O. humifusa Raf.) is a member of the Cactaceae family. To determine the antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of this herb, various solvent fractions (methanol, hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water) prepared from the leaves of cacti were tested using DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical) and xanthine oxidase assays, and nitric oxide (NO)-producing macrophage cells. We found that O. humifusa Raf. displayed potent antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activity. Thus, all solvent fractions, except for the water layer, showed potent scavenging effects. The scavenging effect of the ethyl acetate fraction was higher than that of the other fractions, with IC50 values of 3.6 and 48.2 μg mL-1. According to activity-guided fractionation, one of the active radical scavenging principles in the ethyl acetate fraction was found to be quercetin. In contrast, only two fractions (chloroform and ethyl acetate) significantly suppressed nitric oxide production from the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW264.7 cells. In addition, chloroform and ethyl acetate fractions significantly blocked the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthetase (iNOS) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) from the RAW264.7 cells stimulated by LPS. Moreover, ethyl acetate fractions significantly blocked the expression of IL-1β from the RAW264.7 cells stimulated by LPS. Therefore, the results suggested that O. humifusa Raf. may modulate radical-induced toxicity via both direct scavenging activity and the inhibition of reactive species generation, and the modulation of the expression of inflammatory cytokines. Finally, O. humifusa Raf. may be useful as a functional food or drug against reactive species-mediated disease.
ISSN
0022-3573
Publisher
Wiley
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1211/jpp.58.1.0014
Type
Article
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1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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