Stereoselectivity of fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase in Thermus caldophilus

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Title
Stereoselectivity of fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase in Thermus caldophilus
Author(s)
J H Lee; Jungdon Bae; Dooil Kim; Y Choi; Y J Im; Sukhoon Koh; Joong Su Kim; M K Kim; G B Kang; S I Hong; Dae Sil Lee; S H Eom
Bibliographic Citation
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 347, no. 3, pp. 616-625
Publication Year
2006
Abstract
It was recently established that fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) aldolase (FBA) and tagatose-1,6-bisphosphate (TBP) aldolase (TBA), two class II aldolases, are highly specific for the diastereoselective synthesis of FBP and TBP from glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (G3P) and dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP), respectively. In this paper, we report on a FBA from the thermophile Thermus caldophilus GK24 (Tca) that produces both FBP and TBP from C3 substrates. Moreover, the FBP:TBP ratio could be adjusted by manipulating the concentrations of G3P and DHAP. This is the first native FBA known to show dual diastereoselectivity among the FBAs and TBAs characterized thus far. To explain the behavior of this enzyme, the X-ray crystal structure of the Tca FBA in complex with DHAP was determined at 2.2 ? resolution. It appears that as a result of alteration of five G3P binding residues, the substrate binding cavity of Tca FBA has a greater volume than those in the Escherichia coli FBA-phosphoglycolohydroxamate (PGH) and TBA-PGH complexes. We suggest that this steric difference underlies the difference in the diastereoselectivities of these class II aldolases.
Keyword
crystal structurefructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolasestereoselectivitytagatose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase
ISSN
0006-291X
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.06.139
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Bio Technology Innovation > SME Support Center > 1. Journal Articles
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