Inhibition of NF-κB activation through targeting IκB kinase by celastrol, a quinone methide triterpenoid

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Inhibition of NF-κB activation through targeting IκB kinase by celastrol, a quinone methide triterpenoid
J H Lee; T H Koo; H Yoon; Haeng Sun Jung; H Z Jin; Kyeong Lee; Young-Soo Hong; Jung Joon Lee
Bibliographic Citation
Biochemical Pharmacology, vol. 72, no. 10, pp. 1311-1321
Publication Year
Celastrol, a quinone methide triterpenoid, was isolated as an inhibitor of NF-κB from Celastrus orbiculatus. This compound dose-dependently inhibited a variety of stimuli-induced NF-κB-regulated gene expression and the DNA-binding of NF-κB in different cell lines without affecting DNA-binding activity of AP-1. Preincubation of celastrol completely blocked the LPS-, TNF-α-, or PMA-induced degradation and phosphorylation of IκBα. Importantly, celastrol inhibited IKK activity and the constitutively active IKKβ activity in a dose-dependent manner without either affecting the NF-κB activation induced by RelA over-expression or directly suppressing the DNA-binding of activated NF-κB. However, mutation of cysteine 179 in the activation loop of IKKβ abolished sensitivity towards to celastrol, suggesting that celastrol suppressed the NF-κB activation by targeting cysteine 179 in the IKK. To verify that celastrol is a NF-κB inhibitor, we investigated its effect on some NF-κB target genes expressions. Celastrol prevented not only LPS-induced mRNA expression of iNOS and TNF-α, but also TNF-α-induced Bfl-1/A1 expression, a prosurvival Bcl-2 homologue. Consistent with these results, celastrol significantly suppressed the production of NO and TNF-α in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells, and increased the cytotoxicity of TNF-α in HT-1080 cells. We also demonstrated that celastrol showed anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activities in animal models. Taken together, this study extends our understanding on the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities of celastrol and celastrol-containing medicinal plant, which would be a valuable candidate for the intervention of NF-κB-dependent pathological conditions.
anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activitycelastrolIκB kinaseNF-κBquinone methide triterpenoid
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Ochang Branch Institute > Chemical Biology Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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