Crystal structure of human TMDP, a testis-specific dual specificity protein phosphatase: Implications for substrate specificity
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- Crystal structure of human TMDP, a testis-specific dual specificity protein phosphatase: Implications for substrate specificity
- Seung Jun Kim; Dae Gwin Jeong; Tae-Sung Yoon; J H Son; S K Cho; Seong Eon Ryu; J H Kim
- Bibliographic Citation
- Proteins-Structure Function and Bioinformatics, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 239-245
- Publication Year
- The testis- and skeletal-muscle-specific dual-specificity phosphatase (TMDP) is a member of the dual-specificity phosphatase (DSP) subgroup of protein tyrosine phosphatases. TMDP has similar activities toward both tyrosine and threonine phosphorylated substrates, and is supposed to be involved in spermatogenesis. Here, we report the crystal structure of human TMDP at a resolution of 2.4 ?. In spite of high sequence similarity with other DSPs, the crystal structure of TMDP shows distinct structural motifs and surface properties. In TMDP, the α1-β1 loop, a substrate recognition motif is located further away from the active site loop in comparison to prototype DSP Vaccinia H1 related phophatase (VHR), which preferentially dephosphorylates tyrosine phosphorylated substrates and down-regulates MAP kinase signaling. Residues in the active site residues of TMDP are smaller in size and more hydrophobic than those of VHR. In addition, TMDP cannot be aligned with VHR in loop β3-α4. These differences in the active site of TMDP result in a flat and wide pocket structure, allowing equal binding of phosphotyrosine and phosphothreonine substrates.
- Crystal structureDual-specificity phosphataseTMDP
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- Critical Diseases Diagnostics Convergence Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Research on National Challenges > Bionanotechnology Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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