Protective effect of radicicol against LPS/IFN-γ-induced neuronal cell death in rat cortical neuron-glia cultures

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Title
Protective effect of radicicol against LPS/IFN-γ-induced neuronal cell death in rat cortical neuron-glia cultures
Author(s)
Mi Jin Sohn; H J Noh; Ick Dong Yoo; Won Gon Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Life Sciences, vol. 80, no. 18, pp. 1706-1712
Publication Year
2007
Abstract
We investigated the protective activity of radicicol, an antifungal antibiotic, against inflammation-induced neurotoxicity in neuron-glia cultures. Radicicol potently prevented the loss of neuronal cell bodies and neurites from LPS/IFN-γ-induced neurotoxicity in rat cortical neuron-glia cultures with an EC50 value of 0.09 μM. Radicicol inhibited the LPS/IFN-γ-induced expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and production of nitric oxide (NO) in microglia. Additionally, radicicol decreased the LPS/IFN-γ-induced release of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the cultures. The inhibitory potency of radicicol against the production of NO and TNF-α was well correlated with the protection of neurons. These results suggest that the protective effect of radicicol against LPS/IFN-γ-induced neuronal cell death in neuron-glia cultures is mediated via the inhibition of TNF-α release, as well as the suppression of iNOS expression in microglia.
Keyword
glia-mediated neurotoxicityinducible nitric oxide synthasemicrogliaradicicoltumor necrosis factor-α
ISSN
0024-3205
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2007.01.054
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Research on National Challenges > Infectious Disease Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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