Development of immunochromatography for the rapid detection of Listeria monocytogenes = Listeria monocytogenes 신속 검출을 위한 면역크로마토그래피법의 개발
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- Development of immunochromatography for the rapid detection of Listeria monocytogenes = Listeria monocytogenes 신속 검출을 위한 면역크로마토그래피법의 개발
- J G Choi; W B Shim; J H Je; J Y Kim; K H Lee; Min-Gon Kim; S D Ha; K S Kim; K Y Kim; C H Kim; D H Chung
- Bibliographic Citation
- Korean Journal of Food Science & Technology, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 299-303
- Publication Year
- Leptospirosis is an infectious disease caused by the spirochete bacteria Leptospira spp. and is commonly found throughout the world. Diagnosis of leptospirosis performed by culture and microscopic agglutination tests is laborious and time-consuming. Therefore, we aimed to develop a novel immunochromatography (ICG)-based method for detecting Leptospira antigen in the urine of patients and animals. We used the 1H6 monoclonal antibody (MAb), which is specific to the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) that is common among Leptospira spp. The MAb was coupled to 40-nm-diameter colloidal gold, and the amounts of labeled antibody and immobilized antibody were 23 μg and 2 μg per test, respectively. Several strains of Leptospira and other bacterial species were used to evaluate the sensitivities and specificities of the assays we developed. The detection limit of the assays was 106 cells/ml when disrupted whole bacterial cells were used. The assays were Leptospira specific since they did not cross-react with non-Leptospira bacteria used in the study. Application of diagnostic assays was done on the urine samples of 46 Leptospira-infected hamsters, 44 patients with suspected leptospirosis, and 14 healthy individuals. Pretreatment of the urine samples by boiling and centrifugation (for ultrafiltration and concentration) eliminated nonspecific reactions that occurred in the assay. The sensitivity and specificity of the ICG-based lateral flow assay (LFA) were 89% and 87%, respectively, which were higher than those of the dipstick assay, which were 80% and 74%, respectively. In summary, this ICG-based LFA can be used as an alternative diagnostic assay for leptospirosis. Further development is still necessary to improve the assay.
- colloidal goldmonoclonal antibodylisteria monocytogenesimmunochromatography (ICG)
- Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
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- 1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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