Molecular cloning and analysis of the Thermus caldophilus ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase

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Title
Molecular cloning and analysis of the Thermus caldophilus ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase
Author(s)
Yong Sam Kim; H Sohn; U H Jin; S J Suh; Sang Chul LeeJae Heung Jeon; Dae Sil Lee; C H Kim; Jeong Heon Ko
Bibliographic Citation
Enzyme and Microbial Technology, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 423-431
Publication Year
2007
Abstract
Previously, we have purified a highly thermostable ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (EC 2.7.7.27; AGPase) from Thermus caldophilus GK-24. In the present paper, we further report the molecular cloning and characterization of the thermostable bacterial AGPase. Using a 0.6-kb DNA probe obtained by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with a primer set deduced from the N-terminal and internal amino acid sequence, the AGPase gene was cloned. The cloned AGPase gene had a 1245-bp open reading frame that encodes a protein of 414 amino acids. Then, the full-length AGPase gene was further cloned into the pHCE19T(II) vector and was expressed in Escherichia coli DH5α. Western analysis of the recombinant enzyme showed the same immunity as the wild-type enzyme with a molecular mass of ca. 46 kDa by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The kinetic parameters of the recombinant AGPase were basically similar to the wild type. The N-terminal region of T. caldophilus AGPase showed a partial similarity to that of E. coli, and R336 and P295 were identical to those of E. coli AGPase. In addition, sequence comparison revealed that R177 and P235 of T. caldophilus AGPase were aligned with K195 and K247 of E. coli, and K376 with R386, while K195 residue of E. coli was reported to be located in the glucose-1-phosphate (Glc-1-P) substrate binding region.
Keyword
ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (ATP:α-glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferaseEC 2.7.7.27)molecular cloningmolecular evolutionary treethermus caldophilus GK-24
ISSN
0141-0229
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enzmictec.2007.03.010
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Institute > Genome Editing Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Biomedical Research > Metabolic Regulation Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Research on National Challenges > Plant Systems Engineering Research > 1. Journal Articles
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