Identification of an alternative translation initiation site for the Pantoea ananatis lycopene cyclase (crtY) gene in E. coli and its evolutionary conservation

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Title
Identification of an alternative translation initiation site for the Pantoea ananatis lycopene cyclase (crtY) gene in E. coli and its evolutionary conservation
Author(s)
Sung Woo Kim; W H Jung; J M Ryu; J B Kim; H W Jang; Y B Jo; Joon Ki Jung; J H Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Protein Expression and Purification, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 23-31
Publication Year
2008
Abstract
Previous sequence analyses of the lycopene cyclase gene (crtY) from Pantoea ananatis revealed that translation of its protein product in Escherichia coli began at the ATG start codon. We found, however, that this enzyme could also be produced in E. coli without the ATG start codon present. Results of experiments using crtY mutants revealed that a GTG (Val) sequence, located in-frame and 24 bp downstream of the ATG, could act as a potential start codon. Additionally, a point-mutated GTA (Val), replaced from alternative GTG start codon, also displayed its potential as a start codon although the strength as a translation initiation codon was considerably weak. This finding suggests that non-ATG codons, especially one base pairing with the anticodon (3′-UAC-5′) in fMet-tRNA, might be also able to function as start codon in translation process. Furthermore, amino acid sequence alignment of lycopene cyclases from different sources suggested that a Val residue located within the N-terminus of these enzymes might be used as an alternative translation initiation site. In particular, presence of a conserved Asp, located in-frame and 12 bp upstream of potential start codon, supports this assumption in view of the fact that Asp (GAT or GAC) can function as part of the Shine-Dalgano sequence (AGGAGG).
Keyword
Alternative translationGTG start codonLycopene cyclasePantoea ananatisTranslational reinitiation
ISSN
1046-5928
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pep.2007.11.004
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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