Enhanced heterologous production of desosaminyl macrolides and their hydroxylated derivatives by overexpression of the pikD regulatory gene in Streptomyces Venezuelae

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Title
Enhanced heterologous production of desosaminyl macrolides and their hydroxylated derivatives by overexpression of the pikD regulatory gene in Streptomyces Venezuelae
Author(s)
W S Jung; S J Jeong; S R Park; C Y Choi; Byoung Chul Park; J W Park; Y J Yoon
Bibliographic Citation
Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 74, no. 7, pp. 1972-1979
Publication Year
2008
Abstract
To elevate the production level of heterologous polyketide in Streptomyces venezuelae, an additional copy of the positive regulatory gene pikD was introduced into the pikromycin (Pik) polyketide synthase (PKS) deletion mutant of S. venezuelae ATCC 15439 expressing tylosin PKS genes. The resulting mutant strain showed enhanced production of both tylactone (TL) and desosaminyl tylactone (DesTL) of 2.7- and 17.1-fold, respectively. The notable increase in DesTL production strongly suggested that PikD upregulates the expression of the desosamine (des) biosynthetic gene cluster. In addition, two hydroxylated forms of DesTL were newly detected from the extract of this mutant. These hydroxylated forms presumably resulted from a PikD-dependent increase in expression of the pikC gene that encodes P450 hydroxylase. Gene expression analysis by reverse transcriptase PCR and bioconversion experiments of 10-deoxymethynolide, narbonolide, and TL into the corresponding desosaminyl macrolides indicated that PikD is a positive regulator of the des and pikC genes, as well as the Pik PKS genes. These results demonstrate the role of PikD as a pathway-specific positive regulator of the entire Pik biosynthetic pathway and its usefulness in the development of a host-vector system for efficient heterologous production of desosaminyl macrolides and novel hydroxylated compounds.
ISSN
0099-2240
Publisher
Amer Soc Microb
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.02296-07
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Disease Target Structure Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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