Dual knockdown of p65 and p50 subunits of NF-kappaB by siRNA inhibits the induction of inflammatory cytokines and significantly enhance apoptosis in human primary synoviocytes treated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha
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- Dual knockdown of p65 and p50 subunits of NF-kappaB by siRNA inhibits the induction of inflammatory cytokines and significantly enhance apoptosis in human primary synoviocytes treated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha
- U J Lee; S R Choung; K V B Prakash; E J Lee; M Y Lee; Young Joo Kim; C W Han; Y C Choi
- Bibliographic Citation
- Molecular Biology Reports, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 291-298
- Publication Year
- In order to develop an anti-NF-κB siRNA as a novel class of anti-inflammatory drug, we have isolated a highly efficient siRNA targeting the p65 (RelA) subunit of NF-κB, hereafter named REL1096. To determine whether down-regulation of p65 by REL1096 can block the induction of inflammatory cytokines after treatment with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), human primary fibroblast-like synoviocytes were isolated from patients with rheumatoid arthritis. When treated with REL1096, the TNF-mediated induction of downstream target genes such as inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and anti-apoptosis genes was drastically inhibited. To enhance the inhibitory effect of REL1096, cells were treated with siRNA targeting the p50 subunit of NF-κB together with REL1096. In addition to effective downregulation of inflammatory cytokines, knockdown of both p65 and p50 resulted in much more extensive apoptosis when compared to cells treated with either REL1096 or p50-siRNA alone. Thus, our results provide evidence for the potential use of siRNA targeting NF-κB as an effective means to treat rheumatoid arthritis. In addition to effective amelioration of synovial inflammation by downregulation of inflammatory cytokines, increased apoptosis by dual knockdown of p65 and p50 may prove advantageous in preventing invasiveness and destructiveness of hyperplastic synoviocytes.
- Rheumatoid arthritisp50siRNAApoptosisFibroblast-like synoviocyteNF-κB p65
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