Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (ERK2) has become an attractive target for the development of therapeutics for the treatment of cancer. We have been able to identify eight new inhibitors of ERK2 by means of a drug design protocol involving the virtual screening with docking simulations and in vitro enzyme assay. The newly discovered inhibitors can be categorized into three structural classes and reveal a significant potency with IC50 values ranging from 1 to 30 μM. Therefore, all of the three inhibitor scaffolds deserve further development by structure-activity relationship or de novo design methods. Structural features relevant to the stabilizations of the newly identified inhibitors in the ATP-binding site of ERK2 are discussed in detail.