Influence of soil components on the biodegradation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and o-, m-, and p-Xylenes by the newly isolated bacterium Pseudoxanthomonas spadix BD-a59

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Title
Influence of soil components on the biodegradation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and o-, m-, and p-Xylenes by the newly isolated bacterium Pseudoxanthomonas spadix BD-a59
Author(s)
J M Kim; N T Le; B S Chung; J H Park; Jin-Woo Bae; E L Madsen; C O Jeon
Bibliographic Citation
Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 74, no. 23, pp. 7313-7320
Publication Year
2008
Abstract
A bacterium designated strain BD-a59, able to degrade all six benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and o-, m-, and p-xylene (BTEX) compounds, was isolated by plating gasoline-contaminated sediment from a gasoline station in Geoje, Republic of Korea, without enrichment, on minimal salts basal (MSB) agar containing 0.01% yeast extract, with BTEX as the sole carbon and energy source. Taxonomic analyses showed that the isolate belonged to Pseudoxanthomonas spadix, and until now, the genus Pseudoxanthomonas has not included any known BTEX degraders. The BTEX biodegradation rate was very low in MSB broth, but adding a small amount of yeast extract greatly enhanced the biodegradation. Interestingly, degradation occurred very quickly in slurry systems amended with sterile soil solids but not with aqueous soil extract. Moreover, if soil was combusted first to remove organic matter, the enhancement effect on BTEX biodegradation was lost, indicating that some components of insoluble organic compounds are nutritionally beneficial for BTEX degradation. Reverse transcriptase PCR-based analysis of field-fixed mRNA revealed expression of the tmoA gene, whose sequence was closely related to that carried by strain BD-a59. This study suggests that strain BD-a59 has the potential to assist in BTEX biodegradation at contaminated sites.
ISSN
0099-2240
Publisher
Amer Soc Microb
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.01695-08
Type
Article
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1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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