Rapid selection of mutants of Chlamydomonas reinharditii for carbohydrate and fatty acid metabolism by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and gas chromatography combined with multivariate analysis

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Title
Rapid selection of mutants of Chlamydomonas reinharditii for carbohydrate and fatty acid metabolism by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and gas chromatography combined with multivariate analysis
Author(s)
C J Yin; Suk Weon KimMoon Soo Rhee; Jang Ryol Liu; Won Joong Chung
Bibliographic Citation
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 778-784
Publication Year
2008
Abstract
Transgene-tagged mutants of `Ua~aoCcaca~e=eEaaU~eCiaa were generated by random insertional mutagenesis for screening of mutants of carbohydrate and fatty acid metabolism. Approximately 2,500 insertion mutants tagged with the ~eUT” gene were produced from one mutagenesis in three weeks. To establish a rapid screening system for numerous insertional lines, whole cell extracts of 100 insertional lines were subjected to Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and gas chromatography (GC) analysis combined with multivariate analysis. Mutant lines 28, 67, and 90 showed dramatic differences in the carbohydrate (1,000~1,200 cm.1) and amide (1,500~1,700 cm.1) regions of the FT-IR spectrum compared to wild type strain CC-124. Separate GC analysis also showed that 16:0 iso, palmitic acid (16:0), and oleic acid (18:1) were the major fatty acids in the wild type strain. In mutant 80, the relative content ratio of 16:0 iso in total fatty acids was significantly lower than in wild type, whereas the ratios of palmitic acid and oleic acid to 16:0 iso were higher. In mutant 95, the ratio of 16:0 iso to total fatty acids was increased, whereas ratios of palmitic acid and oleic acid to 16:0 iso were decreased. In particular, mutant 57 showed remarkably different fatty acid patterns with novel peaks of long-chain fatty acids having more than 20 carbon atoms. The results of this study show that FT-IR and GC combined with multivariate analysis enable rapid selection of mutants of carbohydrate and fatty acid metabolism in `K=eEaaU~eCiaa.
Keyword
chlamydomonas reinhardtiifatty acidfourier transform infared spectroscopygas chromatographymultivariate analysis
ISSN
1226-8372
Publisher
Springer
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12257-008-0240-z
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Jeonbuk Branch Institute > Biological Resource Center > 1. Journal Articles
Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Institute > Cell Factory Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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