Lysophosphatidylcholine exhibits selective cytotoxicity, accompanied by ROS formation, in RAW 264.7 macrophages = ROS 생성을 동반한 선택적 세포독성을 나타내는 대식세포의 lysophosphatidylcholine

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Title
Lysophosphatidylcholine exhibits selective cytotoxicity, accompanied by ROS formation, in RAW 264.7 macrophages = ROS 생성을 동반한 선택적 세포독성을 나타내는 대식세포의 lysophosphatidylcholine
Author(s)
C H Park; M R Kim; Jong-Min Han; Tae Sook Jeong; D E Sok
Bibliographic Citation
Lipids, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 425-435
Publication Year
2009
Abstract
Lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPtdCho) is a component of oxidized low density lipoprotein, and is involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and inflammation. We studied the effects of lysoPtdCho on cytotoxicity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), mitogen-activated protein kinases and pro-inflammatory gene expression in RAW 264.7 murine macrophage cells. When cells were exposed to lysoPtdCho with various acyl chains in a culture medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum, only 1-linoleoyl (C18:2) lysoPtdCho showed a remarkable cytotoxicity, reaching the highest level at 24 h, and elicited ROS production, suggesting that oxidative stress might be implicated in the cytotoxicity of 1-linoleoyl (C18:2) lysoPtdCho. Presumably in support of this, antioxidants such as magnolol or trolox prevented 1-linoleoyl (C18:2) lysoPtdCho-induced cytotoxicity as well as ROS production, although only partially. Furthermore, the phosphorylation of ERK 1/2 and the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β, CCL2 and CCL5 were augmented by 1-linoleoyl (C18:2) lysoPtdCho. Meanwhile, there was no structural importance of the acyl chain for the cytotoxic action of lysoPtdCho during 10 min incubation in serum-free media. Taken together, it is suggested that in a serum-containing medium, 1-linoleoyl (C18:2) lysoPtdCho can cause a significant cytotoxicity through ROS production, probably accompanied by activation of ERK and induction of related inflammatory cytokines, in RAW 264.7 cells.
Keyword
antioxidantsatherosclerosiscytokinesdelayed cytotoxicityextracellular signal-regulated kinaseinflammationlysophosphatidylcholinemacrophageNADPH oxidase
ISSN
0024-4201
Publisher
Wiley
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11745-009-3286-6
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Microbiome Convergence Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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