Antioxidant activities of Vaccinium uliginosum L. extract and its active components

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Title
Antioxidant activities of Vaccinium uliginosum L. extract and its active components
Author(s)
Y H Kim; C Y Bang; E K Won; Jong Pyung Kim; S Y Choung
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Medicinal Food, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 885-892
Publication Year
2009
Abstract
Vaccinium uliginosum L. (also known as bog bilberry) is a low-growing deciduous shrub classified in the Ericaceae family of plants, which includes numerous Vaccinium berries, blueberries, and cranberries. Berries of the Ericaceae family are known to contain organic acids, vitamins, glycosides, and anthocyanins and have been reported to have antioxidant activity. In order to identify the antioxidative principles of V. uliginosum, we separated water extracts into polyphenol, anthocyanin-rich (pigment), and sugar/acid fractions by using ethyl acetate, acidic methanol (MeOH), and 0.01 N HCl. Antioxidant activities were assessed by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), superoxide radical, and hydroxyl radical assays. The crude extract and fractions containing polyphenol and pigment exhibited the greatest antioxidant activities with 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of 85.8 μg/mL, 33.2 μg/mL, and 16.7 μg/mL, respectively, for the DPPH assay and 48.1 μg/mL, 83.8 μg/mL, and 51.9 μg/mL for the nonenzymatic superoxide radical assay. The fractions containing polyphenol, pigment, and sugar/acid significantly inhibited xanthine oxidase. To investigate the functional compounds from the active fractions, we purified the polyphenol fraction and separated the compounds by using chromatographic techniques. The crude extract was dissolved in MeOH and further purified by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using MeOH-water (35:65 vol/vol) (with 0.04% trifluoroacetic acid) to obtain VU-EA-1 (16.6 mg), VU-EA-2 (8.5 mg), VU-EA-3 (19.8 mg), VU-EA-4 (12.8 mg), VU-EA-5 (6.5 mg), and VU-EA-6 (23.5 mg). The MeOH-washed fraction from the HPLC was concentrated and purified by reversed-phase HPLC using MeOH-water (50:50 vol/vol) to give VU-EA-10 (12.4 mg). Antioxidant activity was assessed by DPPH, superoxide radical, and hydroxyl radical assays. The isolated compounds exhibited dose-dependent antioxidant activity with IC50 values of 7.6 μg/mL (VU-EA-10) for the DPPH assay, 67.8 μg/mL (VU-EA-4) for the nonenzymatic superoxide radical assay, and 3.7 μg/mL (VU-EA-10) and 7.6 μg/ml (VU-EA-6) for the enzymatic superoxide radical assay and 30% inhibitory concentration values of 0.58 μg/mL (VU-EA-1), 0.57 μg/mL (VU-EA-5), and 0.70 μg/mL (VU-EA-6) for the hydroxyl radical assay. In conclusion, V. uliginosum had potent antioxidative activity, and flavonoids were isolated as the main active principles.
Keyword
2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazylAntioxidantHydroxyl radicalRadical scavenging activitySuperoxide radicalVaccinium uliginosum L. extract
ISSN
1096-620X
Publisher
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2008.1127
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Ochang Branch Institute > Natural Product Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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