Analytical Biochemistry, vol. 397, no. 2, pp. 259-261
A new zymography for detecting nisin-like acidic bacteriocins was developed using a tricine-sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) gel and an acidic gel matrix (pH 4.0). After electrophoresis, proteins in the tricine gel were electrotransferred to an optimal pH-conditioned gel matrix (OP-CGM). The OP-CGM was overlaid with indicator cells (Bacillus cereus) embedded in nutrient broth soft agar (0.8%, w/v). Antibacterial activity shown as a growth inhibition using B. cereus was detected at approximately 3.8 kDa. Because nisin is unstable in buffers at pH values over 6.0, the common electrophoretic systems, SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and tricine gel, are not suitable for detection of nisin-like acidic bacteriocins.