Clean-up of the crude oil contaminated marine sediments through biocarrier-mediated bioaugmentation = 생물담체 활용 생물접종에 의한 원유로 오렴된 해양토양의 정화

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Title
Clean-up of the crude oil contaminated marine sediments through biocarrier-mediated bioaugmentation = 생물담체 활용 생물접종에 의한 원유로 오렴된 해양토양의 정화
Author(s)
K I Ekpeghere; H J Bae; S H Kwon; Byung-Hyuk Kim; D J Park; Hee-Sik Kim; S C Koh
Bibliographic Citation
Korean Journal of Microbiology, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 354-361
Publication Year
2009
Abstract
This study was carried out to develop an effective biocarrier-mediated bioaugmentation technology which will be useful for remediation of the crude oil-contaminated marine sediments. Enrichment of several microbial communities was made from several oil-polluted seashore sites and the two distinctively functional consortia have been successfully selected. These two consortia were grown together and used to manufacture the microbial agents for bioaugmentation of marine sediments polluted with crude oil. The most dominant species in the mixed culture was identified as Alcanivorax borkumensis based on pure culture and DGGE analysis. Bioaugmentation of oil-polluted marine sediments with the microbial agent MA-2 formulated using the mixed culture and biocarriers (activated carbon and minerals) was more effective, especially in combination with an oxygen producing (releasing) compound (ORC). Ninty percent of TPH was removed in the presence of ORC in 35 days while 74% in the absence of ORC. This indicated that the indigenous consortial degraders could be immobilized on the active carbon as a biocarrier to manufacture microbial agents and then effectively bioaugmented for remediation of the oil-polluted sediments.
Keyword
bioaugmentationbiocarriercrude oilmarine sedimentsPCR-DGGEtotal petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH)
ISSN
0440-2413
Publisher
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Institute > Cell Factory Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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