Growth and invasion of sporadic colorectal adenocarcinomas in terms of genetic change

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Title
Growth and invasion of sporadic colorectal adenocarcinomas in terms of genetic change
Author(s)
S A Roh; E Y Choi; D H Cho; S J Jang; Seon-Young Kim; Yong Sung Kim; J C Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Korean Medical Science, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 353-360
Publication Year
2010
Abstract
Integrative genetic changes were examined in relation to tumor growth and progression of sporadic colorectal cancers. Ninety-two sporadic colorectal cancer patients and 12 human colorectal cancer cell lines were evaluated. Genetic changes in representative steps of colorectal tumorigenesis were determined. Biological characteristics, i.e., clinicopathologic parameters, expression of invasion-associated molecules, and in vitro invasion and migration, in association with these changes were further analyzed. Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) and/or Wnt-activated alterations occurred in 66% patients, whereas mismatch repair (MMR) defects and/or RAF-mediated alterations were identified in 47% patients. The crossover rate between these two alterations was 26%. Differential mRNA expression of ARK5 was closely associated with that of MMP2, MMP9, and S100A4 (P< or =0.044-0.001). Additionally, enhanced ARK5 mRNA expression was more frequent in tumors displaying RAF-mediated alterations and crossover pathways (P=0.01 and 0.03, respectively). Upregulation of CEA mRNA was more common in the advanced stages (P=0.034), while VEGF expression was greater in poorly differentiated or mucinous tumors (P=0.042). The high expressions of MMP2 and MMP9 were closely associated with invasion and migration of colorectal tumors and cell lines. Our results conclusively show that specific pathways of colorectal tumorigenesis are closely associated with characteristic tumor growth and invasion.
Keyword
Colorectal NeoplasmsSporadicTumorigenesisMolecularGrowthInvasion
ISSN
1011-8934
Publisher
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2010.25.3.353
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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