Inhibition of Primary Roots and Stimulation of Lateral Root Development in Arabidopsis thaliana by the Rhizobacterium Serratia arcescens 90-166 Is through Both Auxin-Dependent and -Independent Signaling Pathways

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Title
Inhibition of Primary Roots and Stimulation of Lateral Root Development in Arabidopsis thaliana by the Rhizobacterium Serratia arcescens 90-166 Is through Both Auxin-Dependent and -Independent Signaling Pathways
Author(s)
C L Shi; Hyo Bee Park; Jong Suk Lee; S Ryu; Choong-Min Ryu
Bibliographic Citation
Molecules and Cells, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 251-258
Publication Year
2010
Abstract
The rhizobacterium Serratia marcescens strain 90-166 was previously reported to promote plant growth and induce resistance in Arabidopsis thaliana. In this study, the influence of strain 90-166 on root development was studied in vitro. We observed inhibition of primary root elongation, enhanced lateral root emergence, and early emergence of second order lateral roots after inoculation with strain 90-166 at a certain distance from the root. Using the DR5::GUS transgenic A. thaliana plant and an auxin transport inhibitor, N-1-naphthylphthalamic acid, the altered root development was still elicited by strain 90-166, indicating that this was not a result of changes in plant auxin levels. Intriguingly, indole-3-acetic acid, a major auxin chemical, was only identified just above the detection limit in liquid culture of strain 90-166 using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Focusing on bacterial determinants of the root alterations, we found that primary root elongation was inhibited in seedlings treated with cell supernatant (secreted compounds), while lateral root formation was induced in seedlings treated with lysate supernatant (intracellular compounds). Further study revealed that the alteration of root development elicited by strain 90-166 involved the jasmonate, ethylene, and salicylic acid signaling pathways. Collectively, our results suggest that strain 90-166 can contribute to plant root development via multiple signaling pathways.
Keyword
Arabidopsis thalianaAuxinPlant growth-promoting rhizobacteriaRoot developmentSerratia marcescens
ISSN
1016-8478
Publisher
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10059-010-0032-0
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Research on National Challenges > Infectious Disease Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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