Methyl-branched fatty acids, inhibitors of enoyl-ACP reductase with antibacterial activity from Streptomyces sp. A251 = Streptomyces sp. A251이 생산하는 enoyl-ACP reductase 저해 항세균 methyl-branched fatty acid 물질

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Title
Methyl-branched fatty acids, inhibitors of enoyl-ACP reductase with antibacterial activity from Streptomyces sp. A251 = Streptomyces sp. A251이 생산하는 enoyl-ACP reductase 저해 항세균 methyl-branched fatty acid 물질
Author(s)
C J Zheng; Mi Jin Sohn; Seung-Wook ChiWon Gon Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 875-880
Publication Year
2010
Abstract
Bacterial enoyl-ACP reductase (FabI) has been demonstrated to be a novel antibacterial target. In the course of our screening for FabI inhibitors, we isolated two methyl-branched fatty acids from Streptomyces sp. A251. They were identified as 14-methyl-9(Z)-pentadecenoic acid and 15-methyl-9(Z)-hexadecenoic acid by MS and NMR spectral data. These compounds inhibited Staphylococcus aureus FabI with IC50 values of 16.0 and 16.3 uM, respectively, but did not affect FabK, an enoyl-ACP reductase of Streptococcus pneumonia, at 100 uM. Consistent with their selective inhibition for FabI, they blocked intracellular fatty acid synthesis as well as the growth of S. aureus, but did not inhibit the growth of S. pneumonia. Additionally, these compounds showed reduced antibacterial activity against /abl-overexpressing S. aureus, compared with the wild-type strain. These results demonstrate that the methyl-branched fatty acids show antibacterial activity by inhibiting FabI in vivo.
Keyword
Antibacterial activityEnoyl-ACP reductaseMethyl-branched fatty acidStaphylococcus aureus
ISSN
1017-7825
Publisher
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.4014/jmb.1001.01004
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Research on National Challenges > Infectious Disease Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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