Haloactinobacterium album gen. nov., sp. nov., a halophilic actinobacterium, and proposal of Ruaniaceae fam. nov.

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Haloactinobacterium album gen. nov., sp. nov., a halophilic actinobacterium, and proposal of Ruaniaceae fam. nov.
S K Tang; X Y Zhi; Y Wang; J Y Wu; Jae Chan Lee; Chang-Jin Kim; K Lou; L H Xu; W J Li
Bibliographic Citation
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, vol. 60, no. 9, pp. 2113-2119
Publication Year
A Gram-staining-positive, facultatively anaerobic, non-motile and moderately halophilic actinobacterium, designated YIM 93306T, was isolated from a salt lake in Xinjiang province, northwest China, and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Strain YIM 93306T grew in the presence of 2-16% (w/v) NaCl and did not grow without NaCl. The peptidoglycan type was A4α with an L-Lys-L-Glu interpeptide bridge. The whole-cell sugars were glucosamine, arabinose, mannose and two unknown sugars. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8(H4). The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0 and anteiso-C17:0. The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, one unknown phosphoglycolipid and one unknown phospholipid. The DNA G+C content was 68.3 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain YIM 93306T fell within the radius of the suborder Micrococcineae. Its closest phylogenetic neighbour was the type strain of Ruania albidiflava (AS 4.3142T; 96.2% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), the sole recognized species of the genus Ruania. Sequence similarities between strain YIM 93306T and members of other genera of the suborder Micrococcineae were <95.2 %. On the basis of phylogenetic analysis, phenotypic characteristics and chemotaxonomic differences, a novel genus and species, Haloactinobacterium album gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain of the species is YIM 93306TT (= DSM 21368T = KCTC 19413T = CCTCC AB 208069T). Based on phylogenetic characteristics and 16S rRNA gene signature nucleotide patterns, the genera Ruania and Haloactinobacterium gen. nov. are proposed to belong to a novel family, Ruaniaceae fam. nov.
Microbiology Soc
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